In the realm of modern workplaces, where long hours, relentless demands, and the constant buzz of technology reign, feelings of burnout have become increasingly common. However, as the term “burnout” gains popularity, there’s a growing concern that it may be overused and misapplied. Are you truly experiencing burnout, or could it be that you’re simply bored at work? Let’s delve into this question.
The Evolution of Burnout
First coined in 1974 by psychologist Herbert Freudenberger, burnout initially referred to a state of joylessness resulting from prolonged work hours. It involved unrelenting mental and emotional exhaustion, a sense of futility, and a depletion of empathy and compassion. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognized it officially in 2019 as a “syndrome” linked to chronic workplace stress that hasn’t been effectively managed.
However, in recent years, burnout has taken on a life of its own, evolving into a catch-all term for various forms of emotional distress. It’s often linked to the broader societal and workplace issues under late capitalism, as highlighted in Anne Helen Petersen’s article “How Millennials Became the Burnout Generation.”
Is It Burnout or Boredom?
Amid the ongoing debate about burnout, a study from Aalto University suggests that what some people attribute to burnout might actually be a result of boredom. Assistant professor Niina Nurmi led the study, revealing that the exhaustion people experience, particularly in remote meetings or while working from home, may not stem from stress but rather from a lack of mental engagement.
Understanding the difference between stress, boredom, and true burnout is crucial, as they require different solutions. Stress is often temporary and situation-specific, alleviating once a task is completed. Boredom, on the other hand, results from a lack of engagement and can be relieved by changing one’s environment. Burnout is characterized by prolonged stress that shifts from acute to chronic, leading to feelings of hopelessness and disengagement.
Distinguishing Burnout from Boredom
Jill Cotton, a career trends expert at Gumtree, suggests a straightforward test: “If you still have space in your mind to think about other things, it’s likely you’re simply not being challenged, and are bored rather than burnt out.”
True burnout goes beyond the exhaustion of a busy day or the fleeting feeling of frustration. It involves crippling exhaustion, a lack of engagement with work and colleagues, and a deep sense of disconnection. Burnout can render once-enjoyable jobs into sources of dread, depersonalization, and diminished personal accomplishment.
The Role of Workplace Culture
The changing landscape of work culture, especially the blurring of boundaries between professional and personal life in the age of remote work, has further complicated the distinction between burnout and boredom. Constant accessibility, long working hours, and heavy workloads have created a sense of “everything all at once” syndrome, where individuals continuously switch between high-priority tasks without sufficient time for recovery.
Employers play a significant role in addressing burnout and its underlying causes. Recognizing that workplace demands, organizational support, and the balance between effort and reward are vital contributors to employee well-being is essential. While excessive workload is a prominent driver of burnout, it’s important to note that “burnout through boredom” is a real concern. Not every job can be hyper-interesting or challenging every day, but creating an environment where employees feel valued and comfortable can mitigate these feelings.
In conclusion, while burnout is a valid concern in today’s fast-paced workplaces, it’s crucial to differentiate it from boredom and stress. Understanding the underlying causes of your feelings is the first step toward finding the right solutions. Whether it’s implementing better work-life boundaries, seeking new challenges, or addressing chronic stress, there are strategies to combat both burnout and boredom effectively